Eating Disorders can vary depending on the severity and there can often be a very fine line between problematic eating and an eating disorder. The following are eating disorders and are very difficult to heal without support and the guidance of a therapist or wellness counsellor. Sometimes if an eating disorder gets to a place where it takes on a life of its own. In these cases, it may not be enough to work with a wellness counselor. While this is a good start for healing, and a lot of clarity can be found here, a therapist may be needed.
The following are common eating disorders:
Binge Eating Disorder:
- Eating unusually large amounts of food- even when not even hungry
- Overeating until you’re uncomfortably full
- Feeling that your eating behavior is out of control
- Feeling guilty or upset about your eating
- Feeling depression and anxiety
- Frequently dieting/losing and gaining weight repeatedly
- Eating rapidly during binge episodes
- Frequently eating alone
Orthorexia Nervosa is a term coined by Stephen Bratman, a doctor from the US. This describes an obsession with eating healthy foods to the extent that the thinking and worrying become destructive. A person here is obsessed with dieting and diet trends so much so that it affects their own stress levels in a detrimental way. While Orthorexia is not a recognized eating disorder in the mental health community, it is becoming more prevalent in society and therefore more closely examined.
- Obsessed with maintaining the perfect diet
- May avoid numerous foods for fear of not being “healthy “enough
- Obsessive concern with health problems which might be connected to diet.
- An over consumption of supplements and herbs.
- An over-concern with keeping foods clean and “pollutant” free.
* If you could relate to at least 2 bullet points here, you may have Orthorexia . If you can relate to 4 or more, you very likely have Orthorexia.
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and purging, or consuming a large amount of food in a short time. A bulimic will feel the need to rid oneself of the food eaten by purging (vomiting, taking a laxative, diuretic, stimulant, and/or ex excessive exercise). Bulimics have a high over- concern for shape, weight and body image.
- Obsessed with body, shape and weight
- Afraid you wont stop eating once you start
- Food and dieting take up a big part of your life
- Do you feel guilt and shame after you eat?
- Do you take laxatives, vomit or over-exercise to control your weight?
* If you could relate to at least 2 bullet points here, you may have Bulemia . If you can relate to 4 or more, you very likely have Bulemia.
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by unhealthy food restriction and a constant fear of gaining weight, as well as a distorted body self-perception. Because of the fear of g aining weight, people with this disorder restrict the amount of food they consume. Even though they are underweight, people with anorexia have a distorted body image, and see themselves as fat.
- Refusal to maintain a healthy body weight
- An intense fear of gaining weight
- A distorted body image
- You think about food constantly but eating is very stressful
- Your entire life is focused around loosing weight, and you can’t be “thin” enough
- You feel powerful when you go without food, purge or over-exercise
* If you could relate to at least 2 bullet points here, you may have Anorexia . If you can relate to 4 or more, you very likely have Anorexia.
Ednos is an eating disorder that lies somewhere between anorexia and bulimia but do not meet the DSM-V requirements for either one at this time. People suffering with Ednos show a variety of symptoms associated with both anorexia and bulimia and/or of one of the disorders. They will often present other unhealthy eating behaviors that may not be present in anorexia and bulimia.
- Weigh yourself frequently
- Exercise obsessively
- Experience the health problems associated with anorexia or bulimia nervosa
- Binge eat
- Often eat alone
- Feel shame and guilt around eating
- Are obsessed with food, shape, weight, nutrition and cooking
* If you could relate to at least 2 bullet points here, you may have Ednos . If you can relate to 4 or more, you very likely have Ednos.
Obesity is a medical condition whereby the amount of excess fat will lead to health problems such as reduced life expectancy if the condition is not taken seriously and treatment provided. Obese individuals can recover using this program and working side by side with a medical doctor.
- Excess Body Fat
- Very Large waistline
- Difficulty sleeping
- Lack of energy
- Body Mass Index is 30 and above
* If you could relate to at least 2 bullet points here, you may have Obesity . If you can relate to 4 or more, you very likely have Obesity.